LAPIDOPSYCHOTERAPY AS INTEGRATION OF PHILOSOPHICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL BASES OF TREATMENT OF CHEMICAL ADDICTIONS
Demilhanova А.М. - psychologist of Medical Center doctor Nazaraliev
Zhelonkina A.F. – clinical psychologist, the head of psychotherapy department of Medical Center doctor Nazaraliev
Karagapolov V.Y.- psychotherapist , the head of scientific department of Medical Center doctor Nazaraliev
Kubatov E.A. - expert in narcology, the head physician of Medical Center doctor Nazaraliev
Published in: The Fourth Pan-Asiatic Congress «Psychotherapy and consultations in the era of changes» (congress materials) - Ekaterinburg, 2007
Usually in the difficult minutes of life, especially in the situation of illness, we begin to search a heartfelt equilibrium, «clearing» of the internal world.
Generally accepted bio – psycho – social paradigm of narcotic dependence pathogenesis lately became complemented by a spiritual component. That why an effective therapy of dependence must also include every element of pathogenesis: biological, psychological, social and spiritual.
Leaning against this fact, doctor J. B. Nazaraliev and his colleagues from «Medical Center of doctor Nazaraliev» (MCN) developed the new transcultural method of psychotherapy of narcodependence - «Tashtar–ata».
History of every people is rich in spiritual traditions, legends and myths. By myths and legends people tried to explain events and phenomena of nature and soul. There are such myths in history of Kyrgyz people also. One of such legends is the legend about the mountain of rescue of Tashtar- Ata. It is talked that a long time ago evil forces began to gain a top. Then kind gods sent on earth a hero - Batyr Tashtar – Ata. Batyr began to battle with wicked demons, throwing large round stones in them. A fight lasted long, but Batyr won. After a battle he adjoined to rest and felt asleep, transforming into mountain Tashtar – Ata. And Batyr’s heart became an great stone, saint stone. People went to him for years with hopes and sorrows, and abandon on a mountain stones, as mortgage of happiness and success. A lot of years passed and above the heart of Batyr now a mountain of stones, known as a burial mound of Rescue.
Tradition of pilgrimage on the mountain of Tashtar- Ata (translated from kyrgyz as Father of Stones or Saint Stones) professor Nazaraliev decided to include in medico – psychotherapeutical complex of treatment of narcotic and alcoholic dependence in MCN. The new method of psychotherapy influence «Tashtar–ata» was formed, one of component parts of which is Lapidopsychoterapy (from lat. Lapidum – a stone) – work with the «stone of soul».
Essence of Lapidopsychoterapy is made by the original transfer of patient’s heartfelt problems on a material object - «stone of soul».
The base of our approach can be examined from two associate positions: cultural and psychotherapeutical.
Many nations of the world have traditions of the use of stone in sacral aims, including the decision of their problems: sainted stones, amulets and etc. From this point of view the structure of Lapidopsychoterapy can be considered as a therapeutic transcultural ritual, affecting spirituality of patient in the river-bed of transpersonal and positive psychotherapy.
Psychotherapeutical constituent of Lapidopsychoterapy eclecticaly absorbs the elements of group dynamics, psychodynamic approach (stone, as object of transfer, and method to overcome resistance), suggestive methods and NLP (stone, as anchor of trance readiness). In addition, the important effect of method is a practice of awareness and verbalisation of emotions and patient’s suffers, carries a great psychohygenic potential.
Lapidopsychoterapy includes the followings stages:
1) Excursion on the mountain of Rescue.
Patients, passing the sharp medicinal period of treatment, meet with legend and visit the mountain of Tashtar-ata with the burial mound of Rescue.
2) Choice of stone.
After an excursion patients choose a stone for subsequent psychotherapeutical work. Stone, as material character of problems and tensions determined as a «stone of soul».
3) «Talk with stone».
This stage consists of 3 sessions.
1. work with the internal world (sense of guilt)
2. work with past
3. forming image of the future and ways of it’s achievement.
4) Ritual of liberation
Throwing out the stone on the burial mound of Rescue, symbolic incineration of the old personal things and symbolic stringing of ribbon on the branches of tree with the pledge of sobriety.
It is necessary to mark that the described practice is part of multicomponent complex of treatment of dependence in MCN, which also includes the stages of medical (biological) treatment, psychological correction and psychotherapy of dependent and co-dependent persons, and also training of personal psycho-energetic transformation.